Pazuzu Biography

Pazuzu Biography
In Sumerian and Akkadian mythology Pazuzu was the king of the demons of wind, and son of the god Hanbi.

Biography

For the Sumerians he also represented the southwestern wind, bearer of storms. An amulet representing the demon, often as a pendant, was used as a protection against him. In art Pazuzu is depicted with the body of a man, the head of a man and the face of a lion, talons instead of feet, two pairs of wings, the right hand upward, and the left hand downward; the position of the hands means respectively life and death (or creation and destruction).

Pazuzu Biography

Pazuzu was known for bringing droughts and famine during dry seasons, and locusts during rainy seasons. Pazuzu was invoked in amulets aimed at fighting against the powers of the malicious goddess Lamashtu, who was believed to cause harm to mother and child during childbirth. Pazuzu is also a demon who protected humans against plague and evil forces.

Pazuzu in Movies

At the beginning of the movie The Exorcist (1973), when the priest who is later going to perform the exorcism is amid the Mesopotamian desert, the figure that threatens him seeming an illusion is Pazuzu.

Other Depictions of Pazuzu

Pazuzu was a grotesque demonic deity of Assyria and Babylonia in the first millennium BCE, commonly depicted in amulets, plaques and small figurines as having a canine face, body scales, a snake-headed p----, the talons of a bird or the claws of a lion and, usually, one or more pairs of wings.

Although frequently regarded as a malevolent demon of the underworld, Pazuzu seems also to have played a beneficent role as a protector against pestilential winds (and particularly the south west wind). Moreover, Pazuzu's association with Lamaštu led to his employment as a force against her evil, forcing her back into the Underworld. Amulets of the demon Pazuzu (or simply of his head and face) were therefore often situated in houses or hung about the necks of pregnant women.




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